The OLED Nintendo Swap doesn’t have a Pentile display screen
The brand new Nintendo Swap OLED Mannequin doesn’t have a Pentile display screen.
Which may not imply a lot to you, and it wasn’t one thing we have been capable of affirm definitively throughout our overview course of — apart from to say that the display screen is a large enchancment. Which it’s. However there’s been hypothesis ever because the OLED Swap was introduced that its panel may use Pentile expertise, which may have had massive implications for picture high quality. Nintendo units don’t are inclined to have the perfect screens, in spite of everything.
Pentile is a trademark owned by Samsung that refers to varied subpixel matrix layouts mostly utilized in OLED show panels. In informal dialog, or as informal as conversations about OLED subpixel layouts can actually be, Pentile is now basically shorthand for “not full RGB,” which means that pink, inexperienced, and blue subpixels are shared between pixels moderately than every pixel having all three colours itself.
Nearly all OLED screens in moveable shopper units use some type of Pentile subpixel structure today. The good thing about Pentile shows is that they’re cheaper to supply and might last more. The draw back is that they’re functionally decrease decision than an equal display screen with an RGB stripe, which implies you’ll be able to typically see artifacts like dithering and graininess, notably in high-contrast conditions like studying textual content.
The impact lessens as pixel density will increase. Personally, Pentile stopped bothering me on telephones when 1080p OLED shows turned commonplace, which is to say that I didn’t just like the Galaxy S III’s panel however was high-quality with the Galaxy S4. A 7-inch 720p Pentile display screen on a Swap, then, would in all probability have been an drawback. And Nintendo isn’t recognized for securing the perfect display screen applied sciences for its units — witness the 3DS, the place some fashions randomly got here with a lot better IPS screens than the common TN LCD panels, with no indication as to which you’d get till you opened the field — so there was cheap trigger for concern over the Swap OLED Mannequin.
Effectively, turns on the market’s no want to fret. My private OLED Swap preorder simply arrived, so in fact the very first thing I did with it was take a macro photograph. Right here’s what the display screen seems to be like up shut:
It is a white space of the display screen, so all of the subpixels are lit up. The structure is definitely a bit uncommon, with columns of blue subpixels subsequent to smaller, alternating pink and inexperienced ones moderately than arranging them in uniform RGB strains. The Apple Watch does one thing related, and I’m unsure what the benefits of this structure are — it presumably pertains to the relative effectivity of every shade. However what issues is that as you’ll be able to see, every particular person pixel is made up of a single pink, inexperienced, and blue subpixel, or in different phrases you’re a full RGB show with the identical decision for all three colours.
For comparability, right here’s the iPhone 13 Professional:
You’ll be able to see how the subpixels are organized in a posh diamond structure, alternating blue and inexperienced on one line and pink and inexperienced on the following. On shows like this, every pixel is comprised of fewer subpixels in comparison with LCDs and RGB OLEDs that reserve three particular subpixels for every pixel within the display screen — the “inexperienced decision” is definitely greater than the opposite two colours. As I mentioned earlier than, it’s probably not a problem on units with such sharp panels, however the picture high quality can break down when pixels are seen to the bare eye.
It’s not essentially an enormous shock that the brand new Swap went with RGB — the unique PS Vita had an RGB-stripe OLED show ten years in the past — however you by no means know with Nintendo. There simply aren’t that many 720p OLED shows of this dimension today, or RGB OLED shows on the whole, so it was actually an open query.
Anyway, glad to clear that up. Now I’m off to play Metroid Dread.