Intel’s DG2 gaming GPUs may truly stand an opportunity towards Nvidia and AMD

  • Launch date: Q1 2022
  • Codename: Alchemist
  • Structure:  Xe-HPG
  • Max Cores: 4,096 (512 EUs)
  • Course of: Exterior, seemingly TSMC 7nm/6nm
  • Efficiency goal: Nvidia GeForce RTX 3070 (rumoured)

Intel Alchemist, aka DG2, GPUs are set to develop into the primary gaming graphics playing cards spun out of the Intel Xe-HPG yarn, one thing that’s promised to be the idea for a lot of extra aggressive GPUs from the chipmaking goliath. Alchemist additionally occurs to be the primary providing from Intel’s high-performance graphics model, Arc, which covers {hardware}, software program and providers. It is all set to kick-off initially of subsequent yr, after we’ll see Intel put its finest foot ahead in hopes to heave open the hydraulic grip of Nvidia and AMD over gaming GPUs.

There are two key battles in PC gaming {hardware}: Intel vs AMD and AMD vs Nvidia. It has been that approach for millennia. Or a handful of a long time, no less than. But that may very well be all about to alter with Intel Alchemist and the Xe-HPG structure. 

Intel will probably be hoping to assert a stake of a market traditionally break up between the crimson and inexperienced groups and with it a share of the mammoth earnings on provide from gaming GPUs.

Intel is not fully a stranger to the GPU market, both, because it’s one of many largest GPU makers on the earth by sheer quantity. All however a couple of Intel CPUs include an built-in GPU, and whereas that will not imply all that a lot to players, that silicon truly varieties the idea of Intel Xe-HPG, the structure powering Intel’s high-end gaming desires.

It is what we all know of Intel’s Gen12 Tiger Lake iGPUs, its Ponte Vecchio datacentre chips, and the odd hearsay right here or there that helps us piece collectively our expectations for Intel Alchemist, previously DG2, and the Xe-HPG structure.

Even on the floor, although, Intel’s entry into the graphics sport is a welcome one. As GPU costs rise, not in the least extra now that shortages are rampant, it is excessive time another person gave AMD and Nvidia a run for his or her cash. 

Whether or not you are a possible buyer, on the fence, or a diehard fan of the opposite man, Intel Alchemist and Xe-HPG ought to get you excited like a child at Christmas.


Intel GPU announcement reveal screenshot

(Picture credit score: Intel)

Intel Alchemist specs

Intel Alchemist is not a single graphics card, it is truly a variety of graphics playing cards. Official paperwork recommend these will probably be segmented firstly by Execution Unit (EU), the basic constructing block of Intel’s graphics compute.

There are 5 potential loadouts of Alchemist graphics playing cards that we all know of at this time.

Precisely how these will rear their heads when it comes to desktop and cellular chips is unclear, however you may make certain that Intel will probably be eager to drive as many choices within the cellular and pocket book section because it presumably can. It is seemingly that Intel’s discrete playing cards will are available 512 EU and 384 EU configurations, leaving the lower-spec playing cards for laptops. At the least that is what since-deleted entries on the Intel web site (by way of an additionally now non-existent tweet from leaker Komachi_Ensaka) point out.

If every little thing stays the identical between Xe-HPG and Xe-LP, the model discovered inside Intel’s present technology eleventh Gen Tiger Lake cellular processors, which it most definitely will, then we will count on the equal of a complete of 4,096 FP32 cores inside the 512 EU chip. That is one eight-wide ALU per EU, every able to eight floating-point operations per clock.

Every ALU can also be able to working eight integer operations as a substitute, nonetheless, which signifies that if some integer ops are required that can imply fewer floating level operations will probably be obtainable. To fight a few of that potential decelerate, Intel has dropped an additional two-wide ALU into every EU to deal with what it calls ‘prolonged math’.

Intel Xe Execution Unit diagram

(Picture credit score: Intel)

There’s good motive for us to imagine quite a lot of what’s discovered within the decrease and higher-powered Xe architectures introduced at this time will make it into the Xe-HPG and Alchemist graphics playing cards, too. The Xe structure is successfully a shared one, utilised throughout many strata of efficiency and purposes. These subdivisions of the Xe structure are denoted with useful suffixes: Xe-HPC, Xe-HP, and Xe-LP. 

Xe-HPG is the gaming subdivision, and itself included inside the wider Xe-HP subset alongside datacentre GPUs that Intel’s touting with a number of ’tiles’, or chiplets. For the document, one tile is reportedly as much as 512 EUs, which means the gaming GPU is constructed out of only one (which tracks with present difficulties in multi-GPU operation in gaming workloads), and which means the highest datacentre chip may characteristic 16,384 ALUs (cores). That is to not say a two-tile gaming GPU is fully unattainable, nonetheless, simply improbably proper off that bat. 

AMD is definitely eyeing up a multi-GPU chip, however we’re nonetheless unsure of its gaming intentions simply but.

Intel Xe architectures breakdown

(Picture credit score: Intel)

There may be additionally Xe-LP, which as I discussed earlier than is discovered inside Tiger Lake cellular chips and a few very low-power, low-performance discrete playing cards. Xe-HPC is bound to be Intel’s favorite: It makes up Ponte Vecchio, a bandwidth-focused excessive efficiency computing GPU destined for the Aurora supercomputer, and affords Intel some hope within the GPU-accelerated huge knowledge market.

So whereas not each configuration or characteristic is bound to be shared between say Xe-HPC and Xe-LP, there is a fairly darn good likelihood that the basic processing silicon beneath all of it is one and the identical.

42 Teraflops. With probably the most FP32 efficiency in a single package deal, it’s time to get excited in regards to the Multi-Tile Xe HP GPU structure for the information heart. See what we’re speaking about right here. 13, 2020

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For us which means we will count on sure options on Intel HPG chips, equivalent to Adaptive Sync, mesh shading, and integer scaling. Greater than seemingly we’ll see Intel improved and increase on its Command Heart utility in time for launch, too, which it has been progressively bettering over the previous few years seemingly with this gaming-focused implementation of Xe in thoughts. 

It has stern competitors, nonetheless, in AMD Adrenalin Software program and Nvidia GeForce Expertise. At the least it has a reputation to go up towards these behemoths although, with Intel Arc. It is a begin.

Launching a graphics card is as a lot a software program problem as it’s a {hardware} one—for those who ask Intel’s chief architect, Raja Koduri, he’ll let you know that software program is the arduous half, in actual fact. As such it is simply as necessary, if no more so, that Intel nails its driver package deal at launch.

Oh, and did I overlook to say ray tracing? A current battleground for Nvidia and AMD, Intel is eager to maintain up with the cutting-edge rendering expertise with its personal implementation, particularly for Xe-HPG. When Intel introduced its Arc model, it additionally confirmed off Alchemist working ray tracing in Metro Exodus—no body charges at this level, however it appeared clean sufficient.

It’s sport time! Our 4th #Xe microarchitecture, Xe HPG (Excessive Efficiency Gaming) helps hardware-accelerated #raytracing. You requested, we listened. Coming in 2021. 13, 2020

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Onwards to reminiscence configuration and it seems as if Intel is eager to match AMD and prime Nvidia in uncooked reminiscence capability. Paired with Intel’s Xe-HPG GPU is claimed to be as much as 16GB of GDDR6, working between 14Gbps and 18Gbps. That is all data pulled proper from Intel’s website, once more within the aforementioned leak. 

Intel is suspected to utilise a 256-bit bus for the highest 512 EU graphics card, which can put it on par with Nvidia’s RTX 3070 and AMD’s Radeon RX 6800, though the latter does profit from Infinity Cache.

We have much less concrete data in energy demand and TGP, however there are some comparatively broad assumptions to be comprised of Intel’s alternative of foundry and course of. It is not its personal, in what might need as soon as been thought of a blasphemous assertion for Intel’s engineers. Intel has confirmed it will likely be outsourcing manufacturing of Alchemist GPUs to a different, and that is virtually definitely TSMC—one and the identical with the producer of AMD’s Radeon RX-6000 GPUs and Ryzen CPUs.

Intel process node breakdown slide

(Picture credit score: Intel)

Which course of Intel will probably be shopping for up for its Xe-HPG chips is rather less sure, however it seems as if both TSMC’s 7nm or 6nm course of will underwrite the entire affair. The 2 are fairly carefully associated, and TSMC sees 6nm as a pure development for many of its 7nm prospects, which delivers as much as 18 good elevated logic density over first-generation 7nm. The hole between TSMC’s subsequent 7nm processes and 6nm is bound to be slimmer.

Moreover, YouTuber Moore’s Legislation is Useless claims to have photos of an Intel DG2 card taken throughout testing, and these clearly present an 8+6-pin energy connector setup. Additionally they recommend a 275W TDP, which is a little bit higher than earlier expectations however nonetheless properly inside the realms of risk.

So no affirmation on energy as of but however a tough whereabouts of 225-275W. That is in the precise ballpark for what a card reportedly taking intention at Nvidia’s GeForce RTX 3070, too.


Intel Iris Xe Max GPU

(Picture credit score: Intel)

Intel Alchemist efficiency

All rumours allude to Intel Alchemist’s prime chip, the 512 EU silicon, taking intention at Nvidia’s GeForce RTX 3070.

From the specs to the corporate’s tall aspirations, it is sensible for the Alchemist’s best to think about Nvidia’s third-run card as a worthy adversary. That is no simple feat for a first-generation gaming structure if Intel may obtain it.

Nvidia’s RTX 3070 is a tricky card to beat, and even match. As per the benchmarks under. It is a card that holds its personal with Nvidia’s best, priciest GeForce card from only a single technology prior, as per our benchmarking proven under.

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Nvidia RTX 3070 benchmarks

Sadly we have little or no proof to show Intel’s proficiency, or lack thereof, at this time. The specs take a look at, and all seems properly in uncooked bandwidth and compute functionality, however constructing a GPU requires a holistic and universally fine-tuned strategy, so properly have to attend and see how this one shakes out for the entire image.

At the least there’s a risk for a very aggressive card right here, even when it isn’t fairly as much as scratch with Nvidia and AMD’s best simply but. With comparatively low numbers of any graphics card out available in the market at this time, a brand new producer with its personal devoted GPU provide may show itself of vital significance for players making an attempt to snag any discrete GPU in 2021.

But with TSMC presumably on the helm, an organization that’s underneath quite a lot of stress to ship chips as is, can Intel actually tip the scales? Fingers crossed.

Intel might incorporate a few of its personal suggestions and tips into Alchemist (aka DG2) so as to increase efficiency, too. Whereas nonetheless floating round within the ether of the hearsay mill, within the aforementioned Moore’s Legislation is Useless video, a potential DLSS/FidelityFX Tremendous Decision characteristic from Intel, internally often called XeSS, is claimed to be within the works or no less than into consideration.


Intel Xe HPG images

(Picture credit score: Intel)

Intel Alchemist value

We’re properly into the speculative thicket now, with potential pricing actually the area of guesswork and haruspicy. But there’s no less than a value vary we will safely assume from our tough estimates of efficiency.

Intel will must be aggressive with AMD and Nvidia to even stand an opportunity of constructing inroads into the gaming GPU market. Bar any premium pricing mannequin from Intel, who admittedly has priors pricing its personal chips into oblivion (simply have a look at the brand new Core i9 11900K), we should always count on an higher restrict of $579, the value of AMD’s RX 6800, and a lower-end value of $399, the value of Nvidia’s GeForce RTX 3060 Ti.

After all, I would like to see a fair cheaper card to kick AMD and Nvidia right into a ferocious pricing conflict, however sadly GPUs, reminiscence, PCBs, and tons of of minor elements all tally up. There is a value flooring to Intel’s efforts that I doubt Chipzilla will probably be keen to go under.

Launch date

Intel Xe GPU

Intel DG1 GPU (Picture credit score: Intel)

Intel Alchemist launch date

The belief was that we might see DG2 by the tip of the yr, however with the announcement of its Arc model and the Alchemist codename, Intel has introduced that we’ll see the primary graphics playing cards initially of 2022. 

Thanks 🙏That is was a splash and study quick undertaking for the staff leveraging the superior tigerlake SOC! Congrats to staff @intelgraphics – any guesses on what DG stands for? Trace: It’s not discrete graphics😀 26, 2021

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A number of tweets from Intel graphics lead (and practically every little thing else lead), Raja Koduri, recommend the high-performance GPU lineup, together with gaming, is being equipped over the course of this yr. Every little thing from {hardware} to the driving force stack.

It additionally seems as if Intel has distributed playing cards for testing, though the place precisely within the testing cycle the corporate stays a thriller.

There was point out of an Xe-HPG launch this yr from the official Intel Graphics Twitter account, however the Alchemist announcement on August 16 undermines that. We’ll have to attend till Q1 2022 apparently. And proper now, that looks like a great distance off.

Jacob Ridley

Jacob earned his first byline writing for his personal tech weblog from his hometown in Wales in 2017. From there, he graduated to professionally breaking issues at PCGamesN, the place he would later win command of the package cabinet as {hardware} editor. These days, as senior {hardware} editor at PC Gamer, he spends his days reporting on the newest developments within the expertise and gaming trade. When he isn’t writing about GPUs and CPUs, you may discover him making an attempt to get as far-off from the trendy world as potential by wild tenting.