Best gaming motherboards in 2021
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The best gaming motherboard plays an important role in building a well-rounded gaming PC. It is the part of process which decides what CPU you use, what case it can go in, and what storage you’re able to plumb into your machine. As such it needs to be a stable base from which you’ll assemble your entire build, and reliable too. The best motherboard will really tie your PC together, and even with so little difference between them performance-wise nowadays, it’s important to not get the wrong motherboard.
Mostly your choice of motherboard comes down to socket support, ports, and overall quality, but even beyond all that, there are a few other things to consider. For example, do you want the option to overclock your CPU at some point, or do you need high-performance memory support? Replacing your motherboard down the line is a serious business and not something to be taken lightly, so you’ll want to make sure you have all your bases covered.
When picking your perfect motherboard, you need to know which processor you’re going to be building your new rig around. Are you resolutely tying yourself to the mast of the good ship Intel as it plows on through the roughest waters it’s known? Or are you going to fly the flag of AMD proudly? Given the AMD Ryzen 5000 CPUs’ performance, I know where I’d be putting my money…
The best gaming motherboards can also offer a modicum of future-proofing, as much as anything can in this fickle, fast-moving PC technology landscape of ours. Whether that’s a socket or chipset that can support tomorrow’s new processors, such as the Intel’s Z490 and Rocket Lake chips, or one that’s able to deliver next-gen interconnects, such as the B550’s PCIe 4.0 support.
Speaking of Intel Rocket Lake, purpose-built Z590 motherboards were announced over at CES 2021 for this upcoming CPU generation, which is expected March 30. If you’re planning an 11th Gen desktop build, it’s worth checking them out. Here are the ultra-enthusiast boards we’ve spotted so far.
Size is also of vital importance when picking up a motherboard. If you’re building out a standard ATX scale gaming PC, then pretty much any motherboard is open to your whims, but if you want to go for a smaller chassis, either Micro ATX or Mini ITX, then you’ll need a corresponding mobo. That doesn’t necessarily mean sacrificing performance or key features anymore. A single PCIe slot is more than enough for today’s SLI/CrossFire-less GPU world, and even some Mini ITX boards will come with multiple M.2 SSD slots.
The scale will impact pricing, however. Interestingly Micro ATX boards are often the most affordable, while Mini ITX options can be among the most expensive. We’ve picked our top two favorite gaming motherboards for each of the main Intel and AMD chipsets to give you the best options around.
Best Intel Z490 motherboard
The best board for a Comet Lake Core i9
CPU support: Intel 10th Gen | Socket: LGA 1200 | Size: Extended ATX | Memory support: 4x DIMM, up to 128GB, DDR4-4700 | Expansion slots: 2x PCIe 3.0 x16 (or x8/x8), 1x PCIe 3.0 x4 | Video ports: 2x Thunderbolt 3 ports on extension card (DP1.4) | Rear USB: 10x USB 3.2, 2x USB 2.0 | Storage: 2x M.2, 2x M.2 (DIMM.2 board), 8x SATA 6Gbps | Network: 1x 10Gb Marvell ethernet, 1x Intel ethernet, Intel Wi-Fi 6 wireless
Incredible build quality
If you want the best, most fully-featured Intel Comet Lake motherboard, then I’m afraid you’re going to have to pay for it. And pay through the nose if Asus’ Z490 Maximus XII Extreme is anything to go by. It is, as the name suggests, extreme, packing in a variety of luxurious and convenient extras (a frickin’ screwdriver with interchangeable heads for one), and it’s also one of the highest performing Z490 boards we’ve tested.
But it only really makes sense if you’re buying a K-series Core i9 and genuinely intend to overclock the nuts off it. The Maximus XII will allow you to get the highest clock speed out of your 10900K and won’t turn it into a pile of molten slag while you’re at it. The MSI Z490 Godlike is actually the fastest Z490 outright at stock speeds, but I’d rather have the ROG board in my camp if I’m going down the OC route.
Obviously, it’s only for the very highest of high-end PC builds; however, the $750 price tag means you could actually build a respectable full gaming PC for the price of this single motherboard. It’s an aspirational Z490 motherboard and arguably the best gaming motherboard for Comet Lake overclocking, but I’ll concede it’s not a particularly realistic purchase for most of us.
Please read our full Asus ROG Maximus XII Extreme review.
2. MSI MPG Z490 Gaming Carbon WiFi
A vaguely affordable high-end Z490 motherboard
CPU socket: Intel 10th Gen | Socket: LGA 1200 | Size : ATX | Memory support: 4x DIMM, up to 128GB, DDR4-4800 (OC) | Expansion slots: 3x PCIe 3.0 (x16/x0/x4 or x8/x8/x4), 2x PCIe 3.0 x1 | Video ports: 1x DisplayPort, 1x HDMI | Rear USB: 5x USB 3.2, 2x USB 2.0 | Storage: 2x M.2, 6x SATA 6Gbps | Network : 1x 2.5Gb LAN, Intel Wi-Fi 6 wireless
More reasonably priced Z490
Still competitive performance
The sparse back panel and missing OLED displays will tell you we’re back into normal motherboard territory again. The rarified air of the ultra-enthusiast ROG board up top might make one giddy, but the Z490 Gaming Carbon will bring us back down to earth without a bump. Sure, you’re never going to get the same level of luxury feature list as you’ll find with either the Maximus XII or MSI’s own Godlike boards, but when it comes to the nuts and bolts of pure performance, it’s right up there.
Where it matters, in the gaming performance stakes, there’s practically nothing between any of the Z490 boards we’ve tested, and it’s only ever a little behind when it comes to the actual CPU performance in productivity apps. When it comes to overclocking, however, the MPG Z490 Gaming Carbon WiFi inevitably can’t compare to the big boys with our 10900K running at its peak.
The power componentry and cooling aren’t enough to stop the thirsty CPU from throttling when it’s pushed to its 5.3GHz all-core maximum. But, while that might mean it’s not the board you’d choose for an overclocked i9 machine, that’s a tiny niche of gamers, and for either i5 or i7 CPUs, the MSI Gaming Carbon is still a quality home for your Comet Lake CPU.
Best Intel B460 motherboard
A premium and well-priced mATX B460
CPU support: Intel 10th Gen | Socket: LGA 1200 | Size: Micro ATX | Memory support: 4x DIMM, up to DDR4-2933 (i7,i9) or DDR4-2666 (i5) | Expansion slots: 2x PCIe 3.0 x16, 1x PCIe 3.0 x1 | Video ports: 1x DisplayPort, 1x HDMI | Rear USB: 4x USB 3.2 Gen (1x Type-C), 2x USB 2.0 | Storage: 2x M.2, 6x SATA 6Gbps | Network: Realtek 2.5Gb LAN, Intel Wi-Fi 6 wireless
Quality I/O and connectivity
Grabbing one of the best Z490 motherboards might be appealing to your inner elitist, but the sticker price shock is definitely a problem for many people. Sure, it would be nice to have 10Gb LAN, seven M.2 slots, or quad GPU support, but who really needs all that stuff? Most of us will be perfectly happy with a quality B460 motherboard, such as the MSI MAG B460M Mortar WiFi.
If you can put up with the memory speed limitation and have no intention of overclocking (well, with a K-series CPU anyway), then this is the kind of board that should be on your PC building wishlist. It ticks most of the important boxes, and at $125, it’s well priced, though the competition is tough with many premium B460 motherboards priced in this range.
It’s got a strong VRM, 2.5Gb LAN, Wi-Fi 6, and adequate, if not particularly outstanding, I/O. Pairing it with a 65W non-K processor and having a crack at pseudo overclocking is definitely worth the minimal efforts too. If you can live with the maximum DDR4-2666 speed, something like an Intel Core i5-10600 and B460M Mortar, paired with a decent mid-range GPU, would deliver a quality, affordable gaming combo.
Read the full MSI MAG B460M Mortar WiFi review.
An affordable alternative
CPU support: Intel 10th Gen | Socket: LGA 1200 | Size: ATX | Memory support: 4x DIMM, up to DDR4-2933 (i7,i9) or DDR4-2666 (i5) | Expansion slots: 2x PCIe 3.0 x16, 1x PCIe 3.0 x1 | Video ports: 1x DisplayPort, 1x HDMI | Rear USB: 4x USB 3.2 Gen (1x Type-C), 2x USB 2.0 | Storage: 2x M.2, 6x SATA 6Gbps | Network: Realtek 2.5Gb LAN
Good value for money
The ASRock B460 Steel Legend is an awesomely named mid-range B460 entry. At USD 120, it’s what we’d call a mid-range B460 board. A look over the specs indicates that your $120 is well spent on some important areas. You get a pair of heatsink covered M.2 slots, an e-key M.2 slot for an optional Wi-Fi card, a front USB Type-C header, and a good helping of RGB onboard.
The increased power demands of 10th generation CPUs mean motherboards generally have to include improved VRM designs, and on that front, the B460 Steel Legend is very well equipped. It includes a 9+1 phase VRM powered by a single 8-Pin EPS connector. Each stage can deliver up to 60A. Bear in mind that overclocking is not allowed on B460 motherboards, so the VRM will not see extreme loads like you might get with an all-core overclocked Intel Core i9 10900K.
The ASRock B460 Steel legend will appeal to buyers who aren’t so interested in bells and whistles but want a solid ATX board capable of powering any 10th Gen CPU without bursting into flames. Integrated Wi-Fi would have been a nice cherry on top for the price, and that’s arguably one of the reasons we prefer the MSI B460M Mortar. But the ASRock B460 Steel legend is still a highly competitive offering and comes highly recommended by us. It shows its steel, one might say. If it had Wi-Fi, we might even have said it was legendary.
Read the full ASRock B460 Steel Legend review.
Best Intel Z390 motherboard
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1. Gigabyte Z390 Aorus Ultra
The best gaming motherboard for Intel’s Coffee Lake CPUs
CPU support: Intel 8th and 9th Gen | Socket : LGA 1151 | Size: ATX | Memory support: 4x DIMM, up to 128GB, DDR4-4400 (OC) | Expansion slots: PCIe x16, PCIe x16 (x8), PCIe x16 (x4), 3x PCIe x1 | Video ports: HDMI | Rear USB: 4x USB 3.2 Gen2 (1x Type-C), 2x USB 3.1 Gen1, 4x USB 2.0 | Storage: 3x M.2, 6x SATA | Network: Ethernet, 1.73Gbps 802.11ac wireless
No-compromise features, including triple M.2 slots
Slick RGB package with two LED headers
The Gigabyte Z390 Aorus Ultra competes with the MSI Z390 Gaming Pro Carbon AC and the Asus ROG Maximus XI Hero (Wi-Fi) lower price tag and more features. It has triple M.2 slots for your super-speedy NVMe SSD needs, Intel Wi-Fi Wave2 and ethernet, a full RGB treatment with multiple headers, and ALC1220 audio. You’d have to climb right to the top of the product stack to get the same from MSI and ASUS, both of whom offer a little more polish but also charge plenty for the privilege. Though there’s a lot to be said for extreme motherboards, this is a great value Intel board.
The only real downside for us is that this mobo is perhaps a little too flashy and may not suit more restrained gaming builds. Thankfully, you can disable all the RGB bling within the BIOS if you want, though other elements may still clash. But that’s a small criticism of an otherwise top board.
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2. Asus ROG Strix Z390-I Gaming
Best for small form-factor Intel 9th Gen builds
CPU support: Intel 8th and 9th Gen | Socket: LGA 1151 | Size: Mini-ITX | Memory support: 2x DIMM, 64GB, DDR4-4800 (OC) | Expansion slots: 1x PCIe x16 | Video ports: HDMI 2.0, DisplayPort 1.2 | USB ports: 7x rear IO, 1x front IO, 4x internal | Storage: 2x M.2, 4x SATA | Network: Ethernet, 866Mbps 802.11ac | Lighting: Edge RGB, 1x Addressable Aura RGB
Dual M.2 slot
Great overclocking and system performance
With the price dropping and the previous Z370-based model disappearing from vendors, ASUS’s Strix Z390-I Gaming moves into the boutique ITX segment’s top spot. Despite its diminutive size and paucity of upgrade options, the ROG Strix Z390-I Gaming provides excellent performance and value. Boasting stable 5GHz overclocks using several memory speeds, including 3,600MHz with tweaking, its single PCIe x16 slot pushed top-shelf graphics cards to speeds that matched or exceeded most Z390 ATX boards during testing.
The smallest Strix has a lengthy features list, with no shortcomings despite the tiny form factor, including dual PCIe Gen3 x4 M.2 slots, Intel v219 ethernet, upgraded Intel 9560 2×2 802.11ac Wi-Fi, and an ALC1220A audio codec supported by isolated circuitry and headphone amps. Despite the dense set of features, the Strix Z390-I’s clean design makes for quick system assembly and configuration, an important consideration for ITX rig building.
It’s worth noting that this board can be hard to find, but the previous generation ROG Strix Z370-I model, with its slimmer design, remains an excellent alternative, especially at clearance prices.
Best AMD X570 motherboard
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The best X570 ever created, and the last AM4 board you’ll ever need
CPU support: AMD Ryzen 5000 Series/ 4000 G-Series/ 3000 Series/ 3000 G-Series/ 2000 Series/ 2000 G-Series | Socket: AM4 | Size: ATX | Memory: 4x DIMM, Up to 128GB, DDR4-4866 (OC) | Expansion slots: 2x PCIe 4.0 x16, 1x PCIe 3.0 x16, 1x PCIe 4.0 x1 | Video ports: N/A | Rear USB: 4x USB 3.2 Gen1, 8x USB 3.2 Gen2 (1x USB Type-C) | Storage: 3x M.2; 8x SATA | Networking: 802.11ax 2.4Gbps Wi-Fi; Intel I211-AT 1G & Realtek RTL8125 2.5G LAN
No chipset fan
There isn’t a new chipset debuting with the AMD Ryzen 5000 CPUs, but Asus’ ROG Crosshair VIII Dark Hero wants to be the last AM4 motherboard you’ll ever need. But what is it that makes a great motherboard? Features are important, as is a stable and refined BIOS, value for money, a good design, but sometimes it’s the intangible. Sometimes it’s that the damn thing just works.
Motherboard testing is often one of the most painful things a tech journalist has to do. With some boards you have to fight it to get it to do what you want, or expect it to, or have to or crank up some voltage setting to a level you don’t really want to, but the Dark Hero just boots first time, even as we played with the memory clocks and timings and the Infinity Fabric.
The Crosshair VIII Dark Hero might not be the best AM4 motherboard ever made, we’d have to review a few hundred others to make that claim, but it’s an easy claim to make that the Dark Hero is certainly one of the best AM4 motherboards we’ve ever used. Time and months of user feedback will determine if the Dark Hero assumes a position as one of the truly legendary ROG motherboards, but we wouldn’t bet against that happening.
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2. MSI MPG X570 Gaming Pro Carbon WiFi
The best gaming motherboard for AMD Ryzen 3000 builds
CPU support: AMD 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Gen Ryzen CPUs, Ryzen APUs | Socket: AM4 | Size: ATX | Memory: 4x DIMM, 128GB, DDR4-4400 | Expansion slots: 1x PCIe x16, 1x PCIe x16 (x4), 2x PCIe x1 | Video ports: HDMI | Rear USB: 4x USB 3.2 Gen2 (1x Type-C), 2x USB 3.2 Gen1, 2x USB 2.0 | Storage: 2x M.2, 6x SATA | Network: Ethernet, 2.4Gbps 802.11ac
2 PCIe 4.0 M.2 Slots
Wi-Fi 6 Compatible
The MSI MPG X570 represents an amalgamation of bleeding-edge motherboard tech, built to get the most out of AMD’s 3rd gen Ryzen CPUs. It has four DIMM slots that can handle speeds up to 4,400Mhz and two M.2 slots sporting support for PCIe 4.0.
The rear I/O panel features seven USB-A ports for peripherals and a single USB-C port for connectivity and high-speed data transfer. There are headers for the included Wi-Fi antenna to help with wireless connectivity, as well as a gigabit ethernet port. The MPG X570 supports Wi-Fi 6, and while that does necessitate a Wi-Fi 6 compatible router, it’s backward compatible with other Wi-Fi standards and gives the potential for a speed boost down the line. Also of note is the HDMI port, which many X570 boards omit (not that we’d really recommend using an AMD APU with integrated graphics in a high-end board like this).
The MPG X570 features enough compatibility to get the most out of your hardware now and in the future, provided you’re willing to pay a premium for it. While it’s certainly an excellent mobo, if you aren’t already committed to a shopping list of top-of-the-line components now or shortly, you may want to consider a slightly less expensive board for your needs.
Best AMD B550 motherboard
Simply the best B550 motherboard
CPU support: AMD 3rd and 4th Gen Ryzen | Socket: AM4 | Size: ATX | Memory support: 4x DIMM, up to 128GB, up to DDR4-4600 | Expansion slots: 2x PCIe 4.0 x16, 1x PCIe 3.0 x4 | Storage: 2x M.2, 6x SATA 6Gbps | Networking: Intel Wi-Fi 6, Intel 2.5Gb ethernet, Bluetooth 5.1 | Rear USB: 3 x USB 3.2 Gen 2, 4 x USB 2.0
Extensive feature set
Sure, the Asus ROG Strix B550-E is the same price as other X570 motherboards; in fact, it pretty much matches our favorite of AMD’s top-end boards, the MSI MPG X570 Gaming Pro Carbon. But it’s a premium motherboard, with all the trappings you’d expect from Asus’ Republic of Gamers stables, such as 14+2 power stage, M.2 heatsinks, and pre-installed backplates. You also get Wi-Fi 6 wireless networking as well as Intel 2.5Gb ethernet too. And RGB LEDs, of course. If you’re looking at building a Zen 3 system, then the necessary BIOS updates should drop in January for this motherboard.
Performance too is typically good for a high-end Asus board, matching X570 motherboards for gaming performance without issue. That said, of the B550 boards we’ve tested, it’s the far more affordable MSI board that actually comes out top in our straight performance testing. But the Asus can overclock far better, even if it does chew up more raw power from the plug on the whole.
The Asus ROG Strix B550-E Gaming is the whole package then, and right now is our all-around pick for the best B550 motherboard. Though that still feels like a tough recommendation when X570 boards are the same price…
Please read our full Asus ROG Strix B550-E Gaming review.
The best B550 motherboard for pure gaming performance
CPU support: AMD 3rd and 4th Gen Ryzen | Socket: AM4 | Size: Micro-ATX | Memory support: 4x DIMM, up to 128GB, up to DDR4-4400 | Expansion slots: 1x PCIe 4.0 x16, 1x PCIe 3.0 x4 | Storage: 2x M.2, 6x SATA 6Gbps | Networking: Realtek 2.5Gb ethernet | Rear USB: 2 x USB 3.2 Gen 1, 1 x USB 3.2 Gen 2, 1 x USB 3.2 Gen 2 Type-C, 2x USB 2.0
Great stock-clock performance and efficiency
When it comes to gaming performance above all else, then MSI’s micro-ATX MAG B550M Mortar is your best bet for an affordable next-gen Ryzen machine. It comes in around the $160 mark, making it cheaper than a great many X570 and other B550 motherboards on the market right now.
The gaming frame rates of the MSI B550 Mortar put it above the rest of the B550 crew we’ve tested so far, and indeed its straight CPU performance puts it up there with some of the best X570s. That bodes well if you’re looking for an affordable home for your AMD Zen 3 CPU of the future (BIOS updates to support Ryzen 5000 chips are due to start rolling out in January); this B550 has a great chance to ensure it performs to its fullest stock-clocked potential without breaking the bank.
But you will be missing out on extra PCIe 4.0 M.2 and x16 graphics slots if those extras mean a lot to you. You can also opt to ditch wireless networking too, depending on whether you pick the straight Mortar or the more expensive Mortar Wi-Fi version. The 8+2+1 power phase design is arguably a more unwelcome miss, however, as that results in a board that isn’t going to spark any overclocking joy in your heart. But, as an affordable gaming board without OC pretensions, it’s a great shout.
Please read our full MSI MAG B550M Mortar review.
Best AMD A520 motherboard
One for AMD’s mini-ITX fans on a mini budget
CPU support: AMD 3rd and 4th Gen Ryzen | Socket: AM4 | Size: Mini ITX | Memory support: 2x DIMM, up to 64GB, up to DDR4-4600 (OC) | Expansion slots: 1x PCIe 3.0 x16 | Video ports: 1x HDMI 2.1, 1x DVI-D | Storage: 1x M.2, 4x SATA 6Gbps | Networking: Realtek GbE LAN, Intel 802.11ac Wi-Fi | Rear USB: 4x USB 3.2 Gen1 (1x Type-C), 2x USB 2.0
Good value for money
Ryzen 5000 support
AMD’s budget Ryzen motherboard chipset, the A520, has largely slipped under the radar. While B350 and B450 motherboards were mostly regarded as entry-level, A320 was strictly seen as the resolutely low end.
The introduction of B550 motherboards, and their associated move upward in price, left a big hole in the sub-$100 market. Enter A520. If you’re on a tighter budget and don’t care about PCIe 4.0 or the overclocking support offered by B550, then the A520 motherboards might be exactly what you need. There’s cheap, and there’s really cheap, but a decent A520 board can more or less do everything aboard at double the price can.
Then there’s the cherry on top, which is support for AMD Ryzen 5000 series CPUs and, almost as importantly, Ryzen 4000 series APUs. Combine a Zen 3 CPU with a motherboard such as this ASRock A520M ITX/ac, and you’ll be able to build an affordable and compact system that can beat any Intel chip in any workload.
The ASRock A520M’s audio is a bit of a letdown, but that’s something that budget boards often compromise on. A gamer listening to compressed audio assets in-game probably won’t be any less immersed. The little ASRock A520M ITX/ac has it where it counts and will serve you well at the heart of a budget gaming system. It benefits from the strengths of the Ryzen platform and adds some future-proofing into the mix. ITX fans looking for a capable budget AMD Ryzen option should definitely have this one on their shortlist.
Please read our full ASRock A520M ITX/ac review.
The A520 Aorus Elite might be cheap, but it’s definitely not nasty
CPU support: AMD 3rd and 4th Gen Ryzen | Socket: AM4 | Size: ATX | Memory support: 4x DIMM, up to 128GB, up to DDR4-4733 (OC) | Expansion slots: 1x PCIe 3.0 x16, 1x PCIe x16 (x2), 3x PCIe 3.0 x1 | Video ports: 1x HDMI 2.1, 1x DVI-D | Storage: 1x M.2, 4x SATA 6Gbps | Networking: Realtek GbE LAN | Rear USB: 1x USB 3.2 Gen2, 3x USB 3.2 Gen1, 4x USB 2.0
Decent VRM and heatsink
Guaranteed next gen Ryzen support
AMD’s A520 motherboard chipset might not make for the sexiest of PC components, that’s for sure. You probably wouldn’t buy one to take place at the heart of your water-cooled build or Nvidia RTX 3090 gaming system. When you look at the chipset itself, it doesn’t really miss out in terms of real-world essential features. There’s no PCIe 4.0, but then no Intel systems have it either, not until Rocket Lake next year.
The Gigabyte A520 Aorus Elite is a high-end A520 board, which might seem oxymoronic, but if you didn’t know what it was, you’d be forgiven for assuming it was more of a mid-range board and not a $90 bargain. It’s even got two RGB headers and a further two ARGB headers. About the only thing it really lacks is Wi-Fi, but then do you really expect to have Wi-Fi at this price?
Gigabyte deserves credit for including audio built around the ALC1200 codec. Usually, this is reserved for use with more expensive motherboards. If you’re on a budget, this Gigabyte A520 Aorus Elite is well worth a look. It leaves Intel’s budget B460 boards looking weak in comparison, plus you get the benefit of next-generation Ryzen compatibility. Is it for everyone? No, but the Gigabyte A520 Aorus Elite, unlike almost all preceding A320 boards, definitely does not mean cheap and nasty.
Please read our full Gigabyte A520 Aorus Elite review.
Jargon buster – motherboard terminology
ATX, Micro-ATX, Mini-ITX
The most common form factors/sizes of a motherboard from largest to smallest, which beyond physical dimensions determines which cases it’ll fit into and (broadly) how many expansion slots are available. There are other, less common form factors (XL-ATX, HPTX, etc.), but these three are the most ubiquitous consumer form factors.
A connector on the motherboard that allows you to run a cable to the case to add additional USB ports, typically on the front panel (though some cases provide top or rear panel slots as well).
Basic Input/Output System/Unified Extensible Firmware Interface connects the hardware and software that lives on the board (the firmware) to the operating system (OS, such as Windows or Linux). They allow you to adjust system-level settings, such as fan speed or RAM frequency. UEFI has largely replaced the older BIOS standard.
Expansion Slots (PCIe Slots)
Peripheral Component Interconnect Express slots on the motherboard are designed to accommodate add-in cards like graphics cards, SSD cards, dedicated sound cards, etc. PCIe slots are measured in both length (x16, x8, x4, x1) as well as by the number of data transmission lanes they provide (x16, x8, x4, x1). It’s possible for an x16 slot to only provide 8 lanes of data, for instance, which means the maximum possible data transfer rate is halved (though in many cases, because PCIe provides such a high ceiling for transfer speeds, a lower number of lanes doesn’t make a tremendous difference).
Dual In-Line Memory Module slots, the slots on a motherboard where your RAM lives. The number of total slots contributes to the maximum amount of RAM your system can handle, paired with the chipset and OS.
The logic allows the various parts of a motherboard to talk to each other. The chipset determines which processor generations a motherboard is compatible with and what add-in cards can be used.
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment ports, an interface for connecting storage devices/drives to a motherboard (HDDs, SSDs, optical drives, etc.). The number of physical ports on your board, combined with ports for NVMe storage, will determine the total number of storage drives you can have connected to your PC at any time.
Dave has been obsessed with gaming since the days of Zaxxon on the Colecovision, and code books for the Commodore Vic 20 (Death Race 2000!). He built his first gaming PC at the tender age of 16, and finally finished bug-fixing the Cyrix-based system around a year later. When he dropped it out of the window. Thankfully it’s a lot easier to build a gaming rig now there are no motherboard jumper switches, though he has been breaking technology ever since… at least he gets paid for it now.